On Windows, Mac, and Linux, you initiate the ping process from the command line. On Windows, that’s Command Prompt, and on Mac and Linux, you need the Terminal app.
Once you’re looking at the command line, type one of the following two commands for a simple ping:
From this point, you can tweak the command further depending on which operating system you’re using. Use the web URL version if you want to ping a website, and use the IP address version if you want to ping a computer.
For example, on Windows, the default ping will send a single message. On Linux, the ping is continuous. To run a continuous ping on Windows, type ping -t [web address] or ping -t [IP address].
Understanding the Results of a Ping
The results show a few key pieces of information. At the most basic level, pay attention to these four numbers:
Time: How long it took to send and receive the ping
TTL: Lets you establish the number of networks the ping passed through
Packets: The number sent and received should be identical
Round-Trip Time: The minimum, maximum, and average time it took the ping. A large difference between the three figures indicates an unstable network